Double Pipe Heat Exchangers Equipment and Piping Layout

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The double pipe or fin-tube exchangers are commonly used in process industry when one liquid has a greater resistance to heat flow than another or when the surface area is small. In these cases, addition of fins to the inner pipe evens out the resistance to heat flow of the two fluids.

Double Pipe Heat Exchangers Layout

Double Pipe Heat Exchangers Layout

As shown below, the double pipe heat exchanger consists of a pipe within a pipe. Both pipes have a return bend at one end.

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Construction

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Construction

The inner pipe is fitted with fins. The outer pipe acts as shell.

The shell nozzles are mounted vertically from the outer pipe, and the tube nozzles are directly welded to the inner pipe ends.

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Piping

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Piping

The units are generally supported horizontally by brackets attached to a foundation or to the side of other equipment supports.

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Piping

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Piping

 

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